Posters of Paris: Toulouse-Lautrec and His Contemporaries

Exhibition Dictionary

A distilled, anise-flavored alcoholic beverage particularly favored among artists and poets for its “psychoactive” qualities. Toulouse-Lautrec was reported to have enjoyed absinthe mixed with cognac in a cocktail called un Tremblement de Terre (an earthquake).
Affiche Artistique
A poster, not merely a sign, which contains elements of artistic expression.
Poster Mania
A musical style incorporating the accordion that originated in the province of Auvergne, France. It was performed at small bars and dancing establishments in Paris rather than in large, high ticket-priced ballrooms.
Belle Époque
The golden era (the beautiful times)
A dance inspired by the quadrille, the cancan features high kicks feverously performed by a chorus line of women wearing petticoats, stockings, and long skirts.
Turn of the century (end of the century)
Les Folies-Bergère
A music hall near a Parisian street named rue Begère, it featured operettas, comic opera, popular songs, gymnastics, and eventually jazz music in the 1920s.
A French art movement inspired by Japanese art, of which Toulouse-Lautrec was its most brilliant disciple.
Joie de Vivre
Translated as the “joy of living,” this phrase can also be used to describe a person with a zest for life.
Moulin Rouge
The famous Parisian cabaret that translates into “The Red Mill” in English. Built in 1889 in the red light district of Pigalle, it gave birth to the cancan.
Plein Air
A French expression meaning to paint outdoors, instead of in a studio. The style became popular after the invention of paint in tubes in the 1870s.
Postes et Télégraphes
At the end of the nineteenth century, the postal and telegraph services were becoming more available to the general public.

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